Izixhumi Zeshaja ye-EV

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Izinhlobo Ezihlukile ze-EV Zokushaja Izixhumi

Kunezizathu eziningi zokucabanga ukushintshela kulowo onikwe amandla ugesi kusuka emotweni enophethiloli.Izimoto zikagesi ziyathula, zinezindleko zokusebenza eziphansi futhi zikhiqiza ukukhishwa okuphelele okuncane kakhulu esondweni. Akuzona zonke izimoto ezisebenza ngogesi nama-plug-ins adalwe alingana, noma kunjalo. Isixhumi sokushaja se-EV noma uhlobo olujwayelekile lwepulagi ikakhulukazi luyahlukahluka kuwo wonke ama-geographies namamodeli.

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Ngazi kanjani ukuthi iyiphi ipulagi engisebenzisa imoto yami kagesi?

Ngenkathi ukufunda kungabonakala njengokuningi, kulula impela. Zonke izimoto ezisebenza ngogesi zisebenzisa isixhumi okuyisilinganiso ezimakethe zazo ezifanele ukushaja ileveli 1 nezinga 2, iNyakatho Melika, iYurophu, iChina, iJapane, njll. ITesla bekungukuphela kokuhlukile, kodwa zonke izimoto zayo ziza nekhebula le-adaptha nika amandla izinga lemakethe. Iziteshi zokushaja ze-Tesla Level 1 noma 2 nazo zingasetshenziswa yizimoto zikagesi ezingezona eze-Tesla, kepha zidinga ukusebenzisa i-adaptha engathengwa kumthengisi ovela eceleni. Ngokushaja okusheshayo kweDC, iTesla inenethiwekhi ephathelene neziteshi zeSupercharger ezingasetshenziswa kuphela yizimoto zakwaTesla, ayikho i-adaptha ezosebenza kulezi ziteshi ngoba kunenqubo yokuqinisekisa. Izimoto zakwaNissan neMitsubishi zisebenzisa i-CHAdeMO ejwayelekile yaseJapan, futhi cishe zonke ezinye izimoto zikagesi zisebenzisa indinganiso yokushaja yeCCS.

Amazinga WaseNyakatho Melika Uhlobo 1 Ipulagi ye-EV

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Thayipha Isixhumi se-1 EV

type2

Thayipha i-1 EV Socket

Amazinga WaseYurophu IEC62196-2 Uhlobo 2 Izixhumi ze-EV

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Thayipha Isixhumi se-2 EV

socket

Thayipha 2 Inlet Socket

Izixhumi zohlobo lwe-2 zivame ukubizwa ngokuthi izixhumi ze-'Mennekes ', ngemuva komkhiqizi waseJalimane owasungula lo mklamo. Bane-plug-pin engu-7. I-EU incoma izixhumi zohlobo lwe-2 futhi kwesinye isikhathi kubhekiswa kuzo i-standard esemthethweni ye-IEC 62196-2.

Izinhlobo zokuxhuma ze-EV eYurophu ziyefana nalezi eziseNyakatho Melika, kepha kunokwehluka okumbalwa. Okokuqala, ugesi wasendlini ojwayelekile ungama-volts angama-230, acishe aphindwe kabili kunalawo asetshenziswe eNyakatho Melika. Akukho ukukhokhiswa "kweleveli 1" eYurophu, ngaleso sizathu. Okwesibili, esikhundleni sesixhumi se-J1772, isixhumi se-IEC 62196 Type 2, esivame ukubizwa ngokuthi ama-mennekes, yisilinganiso esisetshenziswa yibo bonke abakhiqizi ngaphandle kweTesla eYurophu.

Noma kunjalo, uTesla usanda kushintshela iModeli 3 kusixhumi sayo sokuthengisa kuya kusixhumi sohlobo 2. Izimoto zakwaTesla Model S neModeli X ezithengiswa eYurophu zisasebenzisa isixhumi seTesla, kepha ukuqagela ukuthi nazo zizogcina sezishintshela kusixhumi se-European Type 2.

connector

Isixhumi seCCS Combo 1

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CCS Combo 1 Inlet Isokhethi

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Isixhumi seCCS Combo 2

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CCS Combo 2 Inlet Isokhethi

I-CCS imele uhlelo oluhlanganisiwe lokushaja.
I-Combined Charging System (CCS) ihlanganisa i-Combo 1 (CCS1) ne-Combo 2 (CCS2).
Kusukela ngasekupheleni kuka-2010s, isizukulwane esilandelayo samashaja sihlanganise amashaja wohlobo lwe-Type1 / Type 2 ngesixhumi samanje esi-DC sokwakha i-CCS 1 (North America) kanye neCCS 2.
Lesi sixhumi esihlanganisayo sisho ukuthi imoto iyakwazi ukuguquguquka ngoba ingathatha imali nge-AC ngesixhumi esisesiqeshini esiphakeme noma nge-DC ngezingxenye ezixhumi ezihlanganisiwe. Isibonelo, Uma une-CCS Combo 2 socket emotweni yakho futhi ufuna ukushaja ekhaya ku-AC, umane ufake ipulagi yakho yohlobo 2 ejwayelekile engxenyeni engenhla. Ingxenye engezansi yeDC yesixhumi ihlala ingenalutho.

EYurophu, ukushaja okusheshayo kwe-DC kuyefana naseNyakatho Melika, lapho iCCS iyisilinganiso esisetshenziswa cishe yibo bonke abakhiqizi ngaphandle kwaseNissan, Mitsubishi. Uhlelo lweCCS eYurophu luhlanganisa isixhumi sohlobo 2 kanye nezikhonkwane zokushaja ngokushesha njengesixhumi se-J1772 eNyakatho Melika, ngakho-ke ngenkathi ibizwa nangokuthi yiCCS, isixhumi esihluke kancane. IModeli Tesla 3 manje isebenzisa isixhumi se-European CCS.

Japan Standard CHAdeMO Isixhumi & CHAdeMO Inlet Socket

CHAdeMO Connector

Isixhumi se-CHAdeMO

CHAdeMO Socket

CHAdeMO Isokhethi

I-CHAdeMO: Umbuso waseJapan i-TEPCO yathuthukisa i-CHAdeMo. Kuyindlela esemthethweni yaseJapan futhi cishe wonke amashaja asheshayo aseJapan DC asebenzisa isixhumi se-CHAdeMO. Kwehlukile eNyakatho Melika lapho iNissan neMitsubishi kungabakhiqizi kuphela okumanje bathengisa izimoto zikagesi ezisebenzisa isixhumi se CHAdeMO. Izimoto zikagesi kuphela ezisebenzisa uhlobo lwe-CHAdeMO EV yokuxhuma isixhumi yiNissan LEAF neMitsubishi Outlander PHEV. UKia ushiye i-CHAdeMO ngo-2018 futhi manje unikela ngeCCS. Izixhumi ze-CHAdeMO azabelani ngengxenye yesixhumi nendawo yokungena ye-J1772, ngokungafani nohlelo lweCCS, ngakho-ke zidinga enye indawo yokungena yeChadeMO emotweni Lokhu kudinga itheku elikhulu lokushaja

I-Tesla Supercharger EV Isixhumi ne-Tesla EV Socket

Tesla Supercharger
Tesla EV Socket

I-Tesla: I-Tesla isebenzisa izixhumi ezisheshayo ze-Level 1, Level 2 ne-DC. Isixhumi seTesla esiphathelene esamukela wonke amandla, ngakho-ke njengoba amanye amazinga edinga, asikho isidingo sokuba nesinye isixhumi ngqo esikhokhiswa ngokushesha kweDC. Izimoto zakwaTesla kuphela ezingasebenzisa amashaja azo asheshayo eDC, abizwa ngama Supercharger. I-Tesla ifake futhi igcine lezi ziteshi, futhi yenzelwe ukusetshenziswa okukhethekile kwamakhasimende akwaTesla. Ngisho nentambo ye-adaptha, bekungeke kwenzeke ukukhokhisa i-non-tesla EV esiteshini seTesla Supercharger. Lokho kungenxa yokuthi kunenqubo yokuqinisekisa ekhomba imoto njengeTesla ngaphambi kokuthi inikeze amandla okuthola amandla. Ukushaja iTesla Model S ohambweni lomgwaqo ngeSupercharger kungangeza ibanga elingamakhilomitha ayi-170 ngemizuzu engama-30 nje. Kepha inguqulo ye-V3 yeTesla Supercharger inyusa amandla avela ku-120 kilowatts kuye ku-200 kW. Ama-Supercharger amasha futhi athuthukisiwe, aqale ngo-2019 futhi aqhubeka nokukhishwa, asheshisa izinto ngamaphesenti angama-25. Vele, ububanzi nokushaja kuncike ezintweni eziningi — kusukela ebangeni lebhethri lemoto kuya kusivinini sokushaja kweshaja egibele, nokuningi — ukuze “amamayela akho angahluka.”

Isixhumi Sokushaja se-China GB / T EV

DC Connector

Isixhumi se-China GB / T DC

Inlet Socket

Isokhethi ye-China DC GB / T Inlet

I-China imakethe enkulu kunazo zonke - kude - yezimoto zikagesi.
Benze uhlelo lwabo lokushaja, olubizwa ngokusemthethweni ngamazinga abo eGuobiao njenge: GB / T 20234.2 kanye ne-GB / T 20234.3.
I-GB / T 20234.2 ihlanganisa ukushaja kwe-AC (isigaba esisodwa kuphela). Ama-plugs namasokhethi abukeka njengohlobo 2, kepha izikhonkwane nama-receptors kuyahlehliswa.
I-GB / T 20234.3 ichaza ukuthi ukushaja kwe-DC okusheshayo kusebenza kanjani. Kukhona uhlelo olulodwa nje lokushaja kwe-DC ezweni lonke eChina, kunezinhlelo zokuncintisana ezinjenge-CHAdeMO, CCS, Tesla-modified, njll., Ezitholakala kwamanye amazwe.

Kuyathakazelisa ukuthi i-CHAdeMO Association yaseJapan kanye ne-China Electricity Council (elawula i-GB / T) basebenza ndawonye ohlelweni olusha lwe-DC olwaziwa nge-ChaoJi. Ngo-Ephreli 2020, bamemezela izivumelwano zokugcina ezibizwa nge-CHAdeMO 3.0. Lokhu kuzovumela ukushaja ngaphezulu kwama-500 kW (umkhawulo wama-amps angu-600) futhi kuzonikeza nokushaja okuvela kumabhidi womabili.Uma kubhekwa iChina umthengi omkhulu kunabo bonke bama-EVs, nokuthi amazwe amaningi wesifunda kungenzeka ajoyine kufaka phakathi i-India, uhlelo lwe-CHAdeMO 3.0 / ChaoJi lungabeka phansi i-CCS ngokuhamba kwesikhathi njengamandla amakhulu ekushaja.


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