Haɗin Haɗin EV

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Iri daban -daban na Haɗin Haɗin EV

Akwai dalilai da yawa da za a yi la’akari da su don canzawa zuwa wanda ke amfani da wutar lantarki daga motar da ke amfani da mai.Motocin wutar lantarki sun fi kwanciyar hankali, suna da ƙarancin farashin aiki kuma suna samar da ƙarancin iskar da take fitarwa da kyau zuwa ƙafa. Ba duk motocin lantarki da plug-ins aka kirkira daidai ba, duk da haka. Haɗin haɗin caji na EV ko nau'in madaidaiciyar filogi musamman ya bambanta a cikin yanayin ƙasa da samfura.

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Ta yaya zan san wace filogin abin hawa na lantarki yake amfani?

Duk da yake ilmantarwa na iya zama kamar mai yawa, yana da kyau da gaske da gaske. Duk motocin lantarki suna amfani da abin haɗawa wanda shine ma'auni a cikin kasuwannin su don caji 1 da matakin 2, Arewacin Amurka, Turai, China, Japan, da dai sauransu Tesla shine kawai banda, amma duk motocin sa suna zuwa tare da adaftar na USB zuwa ikon ma'aunin kasuwa. Hakanan ana iya amfani da tashoshin caji na 1 ko 2 na Tesla ta motocin lantarki da ba Tesla ba, amma suna buƙatar amfani da adaftar da za a iya saya daga mai siyar da ɓangare na uku. Don cajin sauri na DC, Tesla yana da hanyar sadarwa ta tashoshin Supercharger wanda motocin Tesla kawai zasu iya amfani da su, babu adaftar da zata yi aiki akan waɗannan tashoshin saboda akwai tsarin tantancewa. Motocin Nissan da Mitsubishi suna amfani da ma'aunin CHAdeMO na Jafananci, kuma kusan kowane motar lantarki tana amfani da ma'aunin caji na CCS.

Matsayin Arewacin Amurka Nau'in 1 Toshewar EV

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Rubuta Haɗin Haɗin 1 na EV

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Rubuta 1 EV Socket

Matsayin Turai IEC62196-2 Nau'in Haɗin Haɗin 2 na EV

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Nau'in Nau'in 2 EV

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Rubuta Socket Inlet 2

Sau da yawa ana kiran masu haɗa nau'in 2 'Mennekes', bayan masana'antun Jamus da suka ƙirƙira ƙira. Suna da filogi mai lamba 7. EU ta ba da shawarar masu haɗin Nau'in 2 kuma wani lokacin IEC 62196-2 na hukuma yana kiran su.

Nau'in haɗin haɗin caji na EV a Turai yayi kama da na Arewacin Amurka, amma akwai wasu bambance -bambance. Na farko, madaidaicin wutar lantarki na gida shine 230 volts, kusan ninki biyu na amfanin Arewacin Amurka. Babu caji "matakin 1" a Turai, saboda wannan dalili. Na biyu, maimakon mai haɗin J1772, IEC 62196 Type 2 connector, wanda aka fi sani da mennekes, shine ma'aunin da duk masana'antun ke amfani da shi ban da Tesla a Turai.

Duk da haka, kwanan nan Tesla ya canza Model 3 daga mai haɗin ta zuwa mai haɗa nau'in 2. Motocin Tesla Model S da Model X da aka sayar a Turai har yanzu suna amfani da mai haɗa Tesla, amma hasashe shine cewa su ma a ƙarshe za su canza zuwa mai haɗa nau'in Turai na 2.

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Haɗin CCS Combo 1

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CCS Combo 1 Inlet Socket

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Haɗin CCS Combo 2

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CCS Combo 2 Inlet Socket

CCS yana nufin Tsarin Haɗin Haɗin Haɗi.
Haɗin Tsarin Cajin (CCS) ya ƙunshi caja Combo 1 (CCS1) da Combo 2 (CCS2).
Daga ƙarshen 2010s, ƙarni na gaba na caja sun haɗa caja Type1 / Type 2 tare da mai haɗin DC mai kauri don ƙirƙirar CCS 1 (Arewacin Amurka) da CCS 2.
Wannan haɗin haɗin yana nufin cewa motar tana iya daidaitawa saboda tana iya ɗaukar cajin AC ta hanyar mai haɗawa a saman rabin ko cajin DC ta ɓangarorin haɗin haɗin 2. Misali, Idan kuna da soket na CCS Combo 2 a cikin motarka kuma kuna son caja a gida akan AC, kawai kuna saka toshe na Type 2 na yau da kullun a cikin rabin sama. Ƙananan ɓangaren DC na mai haɗawa ya kasance fanko.

A Turai, cajin sauri na DC daidai yake da Arewacin Amurka, inda CCS shine ma'aunin da kusan duk masana'antun ke amfani dashi ban da Nissan, Mitsubishi. Tsarin CCS a Turai ya haɗu da mai haɗa nau'in Type 2 tare da fil dc saurin cajin sauri kamar dai mai haɗin J1772 a Arewacin Amurka, don haka yayin da ake kiranta da CCS, yana da ɗan bambanci daban. Model Tesla 3 yanzu yana amfani da haɗin CCS na Turai.

Japan Standard CHAdeMO Connector & CHAdeMO Inlet Socket

CHAdeMO Connector

Mai Haɗa CHAdeMO

CHAdeMO Socket

CHAdeMO Socket

CHAdeMO: Kamfanin TEPCO na Jafananci ya haɓaka CHAdeMo. Matsayin Jafananci ne na hukuma kuma kusan duk caja masu sauri na Jafananci DC suna amfani da haɗin CHAdeMO. Ya bambanta a Arewacin Amurka inda Nissan da Mitsubishi su ne kawai masana'antun da ke siyar da motocin lantarki da ke amfani da haɗin CHAdeMO. Motocin lantarki kawai da ke amfani da nau'in haɗin haɗin caji na CHAdeMO EV sune Nissan LEAF da Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV. Kia ya bar CHAdeMO a cikin 2018 kuma yanzu yana ba CCS. Masu haɗin CHAdeMO ba sa raba ɓangaren mai haɗawa tare da mashigar J1772, sabanin tsarin CCS, don haka suna buƙatar ƙarin mashigin ChadeMO akan motar Wannan yana buƙatar tashar caji mai girma

Tesla Supercharger EV Connector & Tesla EV Socket

Tesla Supercharger
Tesla EV Socket

Tesla: Tesla yana amfani da matakin 1, Level 2 da DC masu haɗin caji mai sauri. Yana da haɗin haɗin Tesla na mallaka wanda ke karɓar duk ƙarfin lantarki, don haka kamar yadda sauran ƙa'idodin ke buƙata, babu buƙatar samun wani mai haɗawa musamman don cajin sauri na DC. Motocin Tesla ne kawai za su iya amfani da caja mai sauri na DC, wanda ake kira Superchargers. Tesla ya shigar kuma yana kula da waɗannan tashoshin, kuma suna don keɓantaccen amfani ne na abokan cinikin Tesla. Ko da kebul na adaftar, ba zai yiwu a caje wanda ba tesla EV ba a tashar Tesla Supercharger. Wancan saboda akwai tsarin tabbatarwa wanda ke nuna abin hawa a matsayin Tesla kafin ya ba da damar samun wutar. Cajin ƙirar Tesla S akan tafiya ta hanyar Supercharger na iya ƙara kusan mil 170 na kewayo a cikin mintuna 30 kawai. Amma sigar V3 na Tesla Supercharger tana haɓaka ƙarfin wutar lantarki daga kusan kilowatts 120 zuwa 200 kW. Sabbin da ingantattun Superchargers, waɗanda aka ƙaddamar a cikin 2019 kuma suna ci gaba da gudana, suna haɓaka abubuwa da kashi 25 cikin ɗari. Tabbas, kewayo da caji sun dogara da dalilai da yawa - daga ƙarfin batirin motar zuwa saurin caji na caja a kan jirgin, da ƙari - don haka “nisan tafiyarku na iya bambanta.”

China GB/T EV Cajin Haɗi

DC Connector

China GB/T DC Mai haɗawa

Inlet Socket

China DC GB/T Inlet Socket

China ita ce babbar kasuwa - ta nesa - don motocin lantarki.
Sun haɓaka tsarin cajin nasu, wanda ƙa'idodin Guobiao suke magana a hukumance kamar: GB/T 20234.2 da GB/T 20234.3.
GB/T 20234.2 yana rufe cajin AC (kashi ɗaya kawai). Filaye da soket suna kama da Nau'in 2, amma fil da masu karɓa suna juyawa.
GB/T 20234.3 yana bayyana yadda saurin cajin DC ke aiki. Akwai tsarin caji na DC guda ɗaya kawai a China, maimakon tsarin gasa kamar CHAdeMO, CCS, Tesla-modified, da sauransu, da aka samu a wasu ƙasashe.

Abin sha’awa, Ƙungiyar CHAdeMO ta Japan da Majalisar Wutar Lantarki ta China (wacce ke sarrafa GB/T) suna aiki tare kan sabon tsarin DC mai sauri wanda aka sani da ChaoJi. A cikin Afrilu 2020, sun ba da sanarwar ladabi na ƙarshe da ake kira CHAdeMO 3.0. Wannan zai ba da damar caji sama da 500 kW (iyakar amps 600) kuma zai kuma bayar da caji na biyun.La'akari da China ita ce mafi yawan masu amfani da EVs, kuma da alama ƙasashe da yawa na yanki za su iya haɗawa ciki har da Indiya mai yiwuwa, shirin CHAdeMO 3.0 / ChaoJi na iya kawar da CCS a kan lokaci a matsayin babban iko a caji.


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