Zolumikizira Charger EV

123232

Mitundu Yosiyanasiyana ya EV yolipiritsa zolumikizira

Pali zifukwa zambiri zoganizira kusinthana ndi magetsi kuchokera pagalimoto yoyendera mafuta.Magalimoto amagetsi amakhala chete, amakhala ndi ndalama zochepa zogwirira ntchito ndipo amatulutsa mpweya wocheperako kwambiri pagudumu. Sikuti magalimoto onse amagetsi ndi ma plug-ins amapangidwa ofanana, komabe. Chojambulira cha EV chotsitsa kapena mtundu wa pulagi makamaka umasiyanasiyana m'ma geographies ndi mitundu.

guide2

Kodi ndingadziwe bwanji ma pulogalamu yamagalimoto yanga yomwe imagwiritsa ntchito?

Ngakhale kuphunzira kumawoneka ngati kochuluka, ndizosavuta kwenikweni. Magalimoto onse amagetsi amagwiritsa ntchito cholumikizira chomwe ndichofunikira pamisika yawo yonse pamlingo wa 1 ndi mulingo wachiwiri, North America, Europe, China, Japan, ndi zina zotero. Tesla inali yokhayo, koma magalimoto ake onse amabwera ndi chingwe chosinthira khalani ndi mphamvu pamsika. Malo opangira ma Tesla Level 1 kapena 2 atha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito ndi magalimoto amagetsi omwe si a Tesla, koma amafunika kugwiritsa ntchito adaputala yomwe ingagulidwe kwa wogulitsa wina. Pakulipiritsa mwachangu kwa DC, Tesla ili ndi netiweki yamaofesi ama Supercharger omwe magalimoto a Tesla okha ndi omwe angagwiritse ntchito, palibe adaputala yomwe ingagwire ntchito m'malo awa chifukwa pali njira yotsimikizira. Magalimoto a Nissan ndi Mitsubishi amagwiritsa ntchito mtundu wa CHAdeMO waku Japan, ndipo pafupifupi magalimoto ena aliwonse amagetsi amagwiritsa ntchito CCS yotsatsa muyezo.

Miyezo yaku North America Type 1 EV plug

type1

Lembani 1 EV cholumikizira

type2

Lembani 1 EV Socket

Miyezo yaku Europe IEC62196-2 Type 2 EV zolumikizira

type22

Lembani 2 EV cholumikizira

socket

Lembani 2 Inlet Socket

Zolumikizira Mtundu 2 nthawi zambiri amatchedwa zolumikizira za 'Mennekes', kutengera wopanga waku Germany yemwe adapanga kapangidwe kake. Ali ndi mapulagi 7. EU imalimbikitsa zolumikizira za Type 2 ndipo nthawi zina amatchulidwa ndi standard IEC 62196-2.

Mitundu yolumikizira ya EV ku Europe ndi yofanana ndi ya ku North America, koma pali zosiyana zingapo. Choyamba, magetsi wamba apanyumba ndi ma volts 230, pafupifupi kuwirikiza kawiri kuposa omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito ku North America. Palibe chindapusa cha "level 1" ku Europe, pachifukwa chimenecho. Chachiwiri, m'malo mwa cholumikizira cha J1772, cholumikizira cha IEC 62196 Type 2, chomwe chimadziwika kuti mennekes, ndiye muyezo womwe opanga onse kupatula Tesla ku Europe amagwiritsira ntchito.

Komabe, Tesla posachedwapa asintha Model 3 kuchokera cholumikizira chake kupita cholumikizira Mtundu 2. Magalimoto a Tesla Model S ndi Model X ogulitsidwa ku Europe akugwiritsabe ntchito cholumikizira cha Tesla, koma malingaliro akuti nawonso pamapeto pake adzasinthana ndi cholumikizira cha European Type 2.

connector

CCS kasakanizidwe 1 cholumikizira

socket2

CCS kasakanizidwe 1 Inlet zitsulo

connector3

CCS kasakanizidwe 2 cholumikizira

socket3

CCS kasakanizidwe 2 Inlet zitsulo

CCS imayimira Mgwirizano Wophatikiza Wophatikiza.
Mgwirizano Wowonjezera Wowonjezera (CCS) umakwirira ma charger a Combo 1 (CCS1) ndi Combo 2 (CCS2).
Kuchokera kumapeto kwa 2010s, m'badwo wotsatira wamajaja ophatikizira ma charger a Type1 / Type 2 okhala ndi cholumikizira cha DC chakuda kuti apange CCS 1 (North America) ndi CCS 2.
Cholumikizira chophatikizachi chimatanthawuza kuti galimotoyo imatha kusintha chifukwa imatha kutenga chiwongola dzanja cha AC kudzera cholumikizira pamwamba kapena DC kuyendetsa kudzera mbali ziwiri zolumikizira. Mwachitsanzo, Ngati muli ndi CCS Combo 2 socket mgalimoto yanu ndipo mukufuna kulipiritsa kunyumba pa AC, mumangodula pulagi Yanu Yachibadwa 2 kumtunda wapamwamba. Gawo lakumunsi la DC cholumikizira limakhalabe lopanda kanthu.

Ku Europe, DC kulipira mwachangu ndikofanana ku North America, komwe CCS ndiyomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi onse opanga kupatula Nissan, Mitsubishi. Makina a CCS ku Europe amaphatikiza cholumikizira cha Type 2 ndi zikhomo za tow DC zofananira ngati cholumikizira cha J1772 ku North America, chifukwa chake chimatchedwanso CCS, ndicholumikizira chosiyana pang'ono. Model Tesla 3 tsopano imagwiritsa ntchito cholumikizira cha European CCS.

Japan Standard CHAdeMO Cholumikizira & CHAdeMO Inlet Socket

CHAdeMO Connector

CHAdeMO cholumikizira

CHAdeMO Socket

CHAdeMO Zitsulo

CHAdeMO: Ntchito yaku Japan TEPCO idapanga CHAdeMo. Ndiwo mulingo wovomerezeka waku Japan ndipo pafupifupi ma charger onse achi Japan DC amagwiritsa ntchito cholumikizira cha CHAdeMO. Ndizosiyana ku North America komwe Nissan ndi Mitsubishi ndiomwe amapanga okha omwe amagulitsa magalimoto amagetsi omwe amagwiritsa ntchito cholumikizira cha CHAdeMO. Magalimoto okhaokha amagetsi omwe amagwiritsa ntchito cholumikizira cha CHAdeMO EV ndi Nissan LEAF ndi Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV. Kia anasiya CHAdeMO mu 2018 ndipo tsopano akupereka CCS. Ma cholumikizira a CHAdeMO sagawana gawo limodzi lolumikizira ndi cholowera cha J1772, mosiyana ndi dongosolo la CCS, chifukwa chake amafunikira cholowa china cha ChadeMO pagalimoto Izi zimafunikira doko lalikulu

Tesla Supercharger EV Cholumikizira & Tesla EV Socket

Tesla Supercharger
Tesla EV Socket

Tesla: Tesla imagwiritsa ntchito zolumikizira mwachangu za Level 1, Level 2 ndi DC. Ndi cholumikizira cha Tesla chomwe chimalandira magetsi onse, chifukwa momwe miyezo ina ikufunira, palibe chifukwa chokhala ndi cholumikizira china makamaka cha DC chofulumira. Magalimoto a Tesla okha ndi omwe amatha kugwiritsa ntchito ma charger mwachangu a DC, otchedwa Supercharger. Tesla adakhazikitsa ndikusunga malowa, ndipo ndi ogwiritsira ntchito makasitomala a Tesla okha. Ngakhale ndi chingwe cha adapter, sizingatheke kulipira EV osakhala tesla pamalo opangira ma Tesla Supercharger. Izi ndichifukwa choti pali njira yotsimikizira yomwe ikuwonetsa kuti galimotoyo ndi Tesla isanapatse mwayi wopeza mphamvu. Kulipiritsa Tesla Model S paulendo wapanjira kudzera pa Supercharger kumatha kuwonjezera kutalika kwa ma 170 mamailosi mumphindi 30 zokha. Koma V3 ya Tesla Supercharger imakweza mphamvu kuchokera pafupifupi ma kilowatts 120 kupita ku 200 kW. Ma Supercharger atsopano komanso abwino, omwe adayambitsidwa mu 2019 ndikupitilizabe kutulutsa, amafulumizitsa zinthu ndi 25%. Inde, kuthamanga ndi kulipiritsa kumatengera zinthu zambiri — kuyambira batire la galimoto mpaka liwiro lonyamula chaja, ndi zina — kuti “mayendedwe anu asinthe.”

China GB / T EV Kulipira Cholumikizira

DC Connector

China GB / T DC cholumikizira

Inlet Socket

China DC GB / T Malo Olowera

China ndiye msika waukulu kwambiri - patali - wamagalimoto amagetsi.
Apanga makina awo omwe amalipiritsa, omwe amadziwika kuti ndi a Guobiao monga: GB / T 20234.2 ndi GB / T 20234.3.
GB / T 20234.2 ikuphimba kutsitsa kwa AC (gawo limodzi lokha). Mapulagi ndi masokosi amawoneka ngati Mtundu 2, koma zikhomo ndi zolandilira zimasinthidwa.
GB / T 20234.3 imafotokozera momwe kuthamanga kwachangu kwa DC kumagwirira ntchito. Pali njira imodzi yokha yokhotcha DC ku China, m'malo mopikisana monga CHAdeMO, CCS, Tesla-modified, etc., yomwe imapezeka m'maiko ena.

Chosangalatsa ndichakuti, CHAdeMO Association yaku Japan ndi China Electricity Council (yomwe imayang'anira GB / T) ikugwira ntchito limodzi pamakina atsopano a DC otchedwa ChaoJi. Mu Epulo 2020, adalengeza ndondomeko zomaliza zotchedwa CHAdeMO 3.0. Izi zipangitsa kuti azilipiritsa kupitirira 500 kW (malire a 600 amps) komanso kuperekanso chiwongola dzanja kwa mbali ziwiri.Poganizira China ndi yomwe imagula kwambiri ma EV, ndikuti mayiko ambiri akumayiko atha kulowa nawo kuphatikiza India, bungwe la CHAdeMO 3.0 / ChaoJi litha kuchotsera CCS pakapita nthawi ngati yomwe ikulamulira kwambiri.


  • Titsatireni:
  • facebook
  • linkedin
  • twitter
  • youtube
  • instagram

Siyani Uthenga Wanu:

Lembani uthenga wanu apa ndi kutumiza kwa ife